Coexistence is indispensable to humans to cooperate for the sake of themselves and their countries. Moreover, every nation opted for coexistence has achieved beneficial civilizational outcomes for itself and the surrounding humanity.
Similarly, Islam emphasizes the concept of diversity between humans as one of the signs signifying the grandeur of the creator the Almighty. God says, “Another of His signs is the creation of the heavens and earth, and the diversity of your languages and colors. There truly are signs in this for those who know”. (30:22). That is to say, diversity in temperance of humans, their languages and colors, are among God’s creative matters to benefit people and suggest ways of indication to the greatness of the Creator.
Furthermore, the theme of coexistence is to demonstrate common human values such as tolerance, compassion, being good to neighbor and cooperation in all lifestyles. Regardless of difference in cultural or social background.
Thus, coexistence is a conduct of abstract and concrete significance. As every human recognizes the right of the other with regard to life, home, and religion with no segregation or partiality.
From the beginning, Islam has maintained the principle of coexistence referring back to the life in Medina, where Muslims would live in peace with Christians and Jews. As per a constitution, guaranteeing for all, full national rights provided for in the Charter of Medina, which the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) himself oversaw.
As it has always been, the objective of coexistence between humans is to realize peace and stability, so significant for creativity and civilizational progress.
Demonstrably, peace and stability are the kernel of human civilization with regard to material, intellectual or religions realms. However, as much as coexistence and acquaintance between humans are desirable to achieve common interest, the most sublime of such engagement is what one does for the sake of God. In conjunction with what the Almighty states in the Qur’an “People, We created you all from a single man and a single woman, and made you into races and tribes so that you should get to know one another”. (49:13).
No doubt, coexistence and acquaintance are two noble objectives for which the Qur’an urges in order to establish harmony and communication between humans and spare them rivalry and conflict.