Cultural diversity: A common heritage of mankind
In context of the globalization anthropology through which the world has become a mere tiny global village, there is a strong belief that cultural diversity is a common heritage of mankind reminiscent of human nature stated by the sociologist Ibn Khaldun ‘man is by nature, a social being’ in quest for optimal urban condition and factors for community coherence under diversity.
The ubiquity of cultural diversity term nowadays, drives researchers in the field to propose several definitions to accommodate its vast connotations and development over time. Not the least, the variation of communities and dominant cultural patterns regarding various ethnicities, languages, religious beliefs, identity and nationalities.
Accordingly, ‘cultural diversity’ is not only a common heritage of mankind, but also a source for creativity worthy of recognition and upkeep as an integrated system unique for a culture reserved for current and future generations. For despite surrounding challenges, cultural diversity can contribute to acculturation, mutual dialogue and overcoming cultural barriers; especially in the third millennium; thanks to technological communications which have bridged gaps for closer moral acceptance of others.
The books of God, with all their divine concepts and sublime values, urge for positive outlook regarding diversity. God says, ‘O people, We created you from the same male and female, and rendered you distinct peoples and tribes, that you may recognize one another…’. Therefore, recognition is the aim for such diversity of tongues, cultures, religions and various nationalities accepted with liberal hearts for better sought cultural coexistence.
The ‘Medina Charter and the ‘Treaty of Najran’, among others - mentioned in history books, all established values of citizenship in context of cultural diversity throughout Arab-Islamic history conspicuously interspersed with inclusive cultural coexistence practically demonstrated in treaties and conventions concluded by the Prophet of humanity with other beliefs as a living example Muslims draw from today.
In conclusion, cultural diversity is not only a deeply embedded universal human tradition for cultural enrichment, but also a source for exchange, renewal and creativity conducive to culture of peace and development strategies in modern societies.